2014级土木工程专升本(业余)班《大学英语2》作业

发布日期:2015-05-19 信息来源: 吴力宁 点击数:2369

 Test 1

 (150 minutes)

Paper One

(90 minutes)

Part I Vocabulary and Structure(10 points;15 minutes)

Directions:Each of the following sentences is provided with four choices.Choose the one that best completes the sentence.Then,mark your answer by  blackening the letter of your choice on the Answer Sheet

1. John showed no sign of emotion till he reached home, ________ she broke down completely.

A.as             B.after          C.when          D.because

2.I was advised to arrange for insurance ________ I needed medical treatment.
A.  nevertheless    B.  although       C. in case          D so that

3.If you never do any work, you will only have yourself ________ if you fail your examination.

  A.fo fault         B.to improve      C.to blame       D.to mistake

4.Our new house is very________ for me as I can get to the office in five minutes.
 A.  adaptable       B.  comfortable    C. convenient      D. available

5.Tony is very disappointed ________ the results of the exam.
 A. with  B. for C. toward D. on

6.You ________ in such a hurry just now. Look, there is plenty of time left.

 A. don't have to do it                  B. needn't have done it

 C. wouldn't do it                      D. mustn't have done it

7._________ is one of the five working language at U.N. , which _______ are very proud of.

 A. The Chinese, the Chinese            B. Chinese language, Chinese

 C. Chinese, the Chinese                D. Chinese language, the Chinese

  • A ________ to this problem is expected to be found before long.

  A.  result          B.  response         C.settlement          D. solution

  • The relationship between employers and employees has been studied ________.
     A. originally        B. extremely         C. violently           D. intensively

10.Our son doesn’t know what to ________ at the university;he can’t make up his mind about his future.

  A. take in           B. take up            C. take over          D. take after

11._________ concerts will be needed if we wanted to collect enough money to start a school.

 A. Some other ten    B. Another ten         C. Other ten          D. Ten others

12. We carved their names on the stone so that younger generations could know what their forefathers ________ for the nation.

 A. did             B. were doing          C. had done           D. have been doing

13.Over a third of the population was estimated to have no ________ to the health service.
 A. assessment       B. assignment        C. exception          D. access

14.- “Is she older than you?”
- “Yes, she is older than _______two years.”

  A. me             B. I for                 C. I am by            D. me by

  • Have a cup of tea, _______?
     A. shall we         B. will you              C. won't you          D. do you
  • It is one________ best sellers in our country now.

      A. of them          B. of those               C. of this             D. of their

  1.  We've made some achievements, but there is still a long way ________ .
     A. going           B. to go                 C. gone            D. to be gone
  2.  I'm afraid it ________ tomorrow, but who knows?

      A. may have rained                   B. might rain

      C. would rain                       D. ought to rain

  1. It isn't quite________ whether she will take the advice.

      A. sure            B. right                 C. certain           D. exact

20.  He will go to America next month, if he________ ready then.
 A. is               B. will be                C. shall be           D. is going to be

PartⅡ Cloze (10 points,20 minutes)

Directions:Read the passage through.Then,go back and choose one suitable word or phrase marked A,B,C,or D for each blank in the passage.Blacken the corresponding letter of the word or phrase you have chosen on the Answer Sheet

    Language is a part of culture and plays a very important role in it. Some social scientists   21    it the keystone of culture. Without  22  ,the maintaining of culture would not be possible .On the other hand, language  23  culture by being influenced and shaped by culture and in the broadest   24   , language is the symbolic representation of a people,and it    25   their historical and cultural backgrounds, as well as their  26  to life and their ways of living and thinking. We should not  27  further into the relationship between language and culture.   28    needs to be stressed here is that the two  29  ,and that understanding of one requires understanding of the other. Social scientists tell us that cultures differ  30  one another,that each culture is  31  . As cultures are diverse,languages are diverse.   32  is only natural that with differences 33  cultures and differences in languages,difficulties often arise in communicating  34   cultures and across cultures.   35  is not always easy. Learning a foreign language well means more than  36  mastering the pronunciation,grammar,words and idioms. It also means learning to see the world  37  native speakers of that language see it,learning the ways  38  which their language reflects the ideas,   39  ,and behaviors of their society, learning to understand their “language of the mind”。Learning a language,in fact,is 40  from learning its culture.

21  A.believe            B.regard          C.consider          D.discuss

22.  A.role              B.1anguage        C.word            D.keystone

23.  A.repeats            B.reduces         C.reforms          D.reflects

24.  A.sense             B.fact             C.reason           D.form

25.  A.consists           B.Resists          C.comprises        D.compromise

26.  A.appointment       B.approval         C.appreciation      D.approach

27.  A.come             B.go              C.walk            D.move

28.  A.What             B.That            C.is              D.It

29.  A.act               B.attract           C.interact          D.react

30.  A.from              B.in              C.over             D.on

31.  A.mature            B.unique          C.only             D.just

32.  A.That              B.This            C.What            D.It

33.  A.in                B.on              C.over            D.from

34.  A.in                B.on              C.between         D.from

35.  A.Knowing          B.Understanding    C.Recognizing      D.Identifying

36.  A.barely            B.rarely           C.hardly           D.merely

37.  A.when             B.as              C.while            D.1ike

38.  A.on               B.from            C.in               D.by

39.  A.customs           B.customers       C.costumes         D.cosmetics

40.  A.incapable          B.indifferent       C.insensible         D.inseparable

Part ⅢReading Comprehension(Skimming and Scanning)(40 points;55 minutes)

Section l

Directions:Each of the following passages is followed with five questions.For each question there are four choices.Choose the best answer to each question.Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet

Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage

    The dog, called Prince, was an intelligent animal and a slave to Williams. From morning till night, when Williams was at home, Prince never left his sight, practically ignoring all other members of the family. The dog had a number of clearly defined duties, for which Williams had patiently trained him and, like the good pupil he was, Prince lived for the chance to demonstrate his abilities.
    When Williams wanted to put on his boots, he would murmur" boots" and within seconds the dog would drop them at his feet. At nine every morning, Prince ran off to the general store in the village, returning shortly not only with Williams ' daily paper but with a half-ounce packet of Williams' favorite tobacco, John Rainey's Mixed. A gun dog by breed, Prince possessed a large soft mouth specially evolved for the safe carrying of hunted creatures, so the paper and the tobacco came to no harm, never even showing a tooth mark.
Williams was a railway man, an engine driver, and he wore a blue uniform. which smelled of oil and oil fuel. He had to work at odd times—"days" , "late days" or" nights". Over the years Prince got to know these periods of work and rest, knew when his master would leave the house and return, and the dog did not waste this knowledge. If Williams overslept, as he often did, Prince barked at the bedroom door until he woke, much to the annoyance of the family. On his return, Williams' slippers were brought to him, the paper and tobacco too if previously under livered.
A curious thing happened to Williams during the snow and ice of last winter. One evening he slipped and fell on the icy pavement somewhere between the village and his home. He was so badly shaken that he stayed in bed for three days; and not until he got up and dressed again did he discover that he had lost his wallet containing over fifty pounds. The house was turned upside down in the search, but the wallet was not found. However, two days later — that was five days after the fall — Prince dropped the wallet into William's hand. Very muddy, stained and wet through, the little case still contained fifty three pounds, Williams' driving license and a few other papers. Where the dog had found it no one could tell, but found it he had and recognized it probably by the faint oily smell on the worn leather.

41.How did the dog perform his duties?

A.He was delighted to show them off.
B.He did his test but was not often successful.
C.He did them quickly to get them over.
D.He had few opportunities to do them..

42.What does the passage tell us about gun dogs?.

  A.They are the fastest runners of all dogs. 

B.Their teeth are removed when they are young.

  C.They can carry birds, etc, without hurting them.     

 D.They breed well, producing many young dogs.

43.As a result of Williams' work            .

A.he did not get enough sleep     

B.there was an oily smell from his clothes 

C.the dog grew accustomed to traveling by train   

D.the dog was confused about the time of the day

44.It upset Williams’ wife and family when           .

  A.Williams had to go to work at night     

 B.the dog made too much noise in the house

 C.Williams made them all get up early  

 D.the dog would not let them see the newspaper

45.Williams did not realize his loss for several days because           .

  A.he trusted the dog to find the wallet  

 B.he was unconscious all that time

  C.he thought the wallet was in the house   

D.he had no occasion to feel in his pockets

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage

Most people who enjoy movies do not really care how they are made. They want to enjoy a good story. Movie producer and director George Lucas wants people to see the best-made movie possible. So, his latest Star Wars movie was made without using film.

Star Wars:Attack of the Clones was made using digital cameras. A digital camera does not use traditional film. It captures an image on videotape. The images recorded on videotape are then placed in a computer.

George Lueas says that using digital cameras permits him" to have much more control over the final product. For example, the image can be changed after it is placed in a computer. An expert can change color, add or take out objects, add people or beings who are not real. Much of what is seen in the new Star Wars movie is not real. Huge buildings, spacecraft and alien beings from other worlds were produced in a computer.

Movie experts say digital technology is the real future of the motion picture industry. A theater will no longer have to wait days or weeks to show a new movie. Theaters will be able to receive copies of new movies by linking computers. Or they will use small computer disks to get a copy of the movie.

When the new Star Wars movie wag released last month, only 94 theatersaround the world had the digital equipment needed to show it. So Mr. Lucas' company produced about 6,000 copies of the new digital movie on traditional film for release in most theaters. However, most people who have seen the movie say these film copies are a much better quality than other filmed movies.

Critics say the new digital technology is very costly. Many theater owners will not buy the new technology, yet many of the people who worked on the new Star Wars movie say they would not like to work with film again. They said using digital equipment was faster, and videotape is much less costly than film. One cameraman said the director of a movie can immediately see what was just recorded, something impossible to do with film.

46.According to George Lucas, what makes the best movie possible?

A. A good story.            B. Film.                   C. Digital cameras.           D. Videotape.

47.Which is NOT true for the real future of the motion picture industry, according to movie experts?

A. Linking computers for copies of new movies.                  

B. Showing filmed movies.

C. Using small computer disks to get a copy of the movie.

D. Having the digital equipment needed to show the movie.

48.According to the passage, which is TRUE about the new Star Wars movie?

A. There are about 6,000 copies of the new digital movie.

B. It has been shown in only 94 theaters around the world.

C. It is the best among filmed movies.                  

D. It is the product of the new digital technology.

49.We can infer that many of the people who worked on the new Star Wars movie want to           .

A. enjoy a good story                            B. make digital movies        

C. make movies on traditional film          D. see what has been recorded in just a few days.

50.Which one of the following could be the best title for the passage?

A.TheBest-Made Movie             B.The new Star Wars Movie

  C.Digital Movies                   D.The Motion Picture Industry

Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage

     Climate, more than any other single factor, determines the distribution of life on earth. Climatic boundaries establish the limits within which organisms can survive. Plants, even more than animals, must be well adapted to climate in order to survive. They cannot move about or take shelter but must be equipped to endure whatever weather conditions are likely to occur. In the harsh conditions of the tundra (冻土地带) , for example, low growing mosses, and a few flowering plants all hug the ground for shelter from icy winds.
    Animals, despite their ability to move about and find shelter, are just as much influenced by climate as plants are. Creatures such as the camel and the penguin are so highly specialized that they have an extremely limited distribution. Others, such as bears, are flexible enough to adapt to a broad range of climates. Ocean-dwelling organisms are just as sensitive to climatic changes – in this case temperature and salinity (盐度) – as land animals. Reef corals can survive only in clear warm seawater. Certain foraminifers are so sensitive to change in their environment that their presence can be taken as an index of sea temperature. Human beings are among the least specialized of all animals and can live almost anywhere. Their clothes and their homes act as a sort of “miniature climate” that can be taken with them everywhere.

  • Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

  A.Plants on the tundra grow close to the ground to minimize exposure to the cold.

  B.Animals must be more adapted to climate than plants in order to survive.

  C.Human beings are as such influenced by climate as plants and animals are.

  D.Reef corals can live almost anywhere.

52.Which of the following can be found in the greatest number of different climate areas on Earth?

A.Reef corals    B.Penguins     C.Bears      D.Camels

53.It can be inferred from the passage that foraminifers are a           .

  A.kind of weather pattern                         B.form of sea life

  C.species of tundra plant                          D.small bear

54.Why can human beings survive almost everywhere on Earth?

  A.They have learned how to live in different climates.

  B.Their body temperature can vary with the temperature.

  C.They have advanced forms of transportation.

  D.Their shelters and clothing help them to adapt to the environment.

55.The best title of the passage is           .

  A.How to Adapt to the Environment

  B.Plants and Animals on Earth

  C.Climate and the Distribution of Life on Earth

  D.Environment and Life on Earth

Section 2

Directions:Read the following passage,and then decide whether the statements are true(A) or false(B)(判断对错,对的在答题卡上划A,错的在答题卡上划B。)

Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage:

    To swim across the English Channel takes at least nine hours. It’s a hard work and it makes you short of breath. To fly over the Channel takes only twenty minutes (as long as you’re not held up at the airport), but it’s an expensive way to travel. You can travel by hovercraft if you don’t mind the noise, and that takes forty minutes. Otherwise you can go by boat, if you remember your sea-sickness ills. All these means of transport have their problems and the weary (不耐烦的)traveler often dreams of being able to drive to France in his own car. “Not possible”, you say. Well wait a minute. People are once again considering the idea of a Channel tunnel or bridge.

    This time, the Greater London Council is looking into the possibility of building a Channel link straight to London. A bridge would cost far more than a tunnel, but you would be able to go by rail or by car on a bridge, whereas a tunnel would provide a rail link only.

    Why is this idea being discussed again? Is Britain becoming more conscious of the need for links with Europe as a result of joining the EEC(欧共体)?Well , perhaps. The main reason, though, is that a tunnel or bridge would reach the twenty square kilometers of London’s disused dockland (船坞地). A link from London to the continent would stimulate trade and re-vitalize (使…重新具有活力)the port, and would make London a main trading center in Europe. With a link over the Channel , you could buy your fish and chips in England and be able to eat them in France while they were still warm!

(    )56.Swimming across the Channel takes less than four hours.

(    )57.The idea of a Channel tunnel or bridge is a very new one.

(    )58.It is considered to be more difficult to swim across the channel than any other means.

(    )59.A tunnel or bridge would only reach as far as the coast.

(    )60.Channel link would make London more prosperous again.

Paper Two (60minutes)

Part IV.Reading Comprehension(Short Answer Questions)(10 points;15 minutes)

Directions:This passage is followed by five questions or incomplete statements.Read the passage carefully.Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words.Write your answers on Paper Two

Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage.

We asked teenagers from all over the world to e-mail us about their favourite food. Here’s what they said. Yuki, Japan---Here in Japan, we eat a lot of fish. I think everyone likes fish, and so do I! The best kind of fish is very fresh and it is served raw---that means it is not cooked. It’s my favourite food for supper. Sometimes, I have cooked fish for breakfast. It’s usually very salty. Mahmoud, Egypt---I’m crazy about fruit! Here in Egypt, we have good, fresh fruit all year round. In winter, my favourite fruit is dates. They are really sweet. I also eat lots of bananas, pears, strawberries and apples. Fruit is good any time! We have apricots for only a few weeks in May, so they are special.Mike, the United States of America---Everyone thinks Americans always eat beefburgers, but I never do. I’m a vegetarian! That means I don’t eat meat. My favourite food is lasagne. It’s made with pasta, cheese and vegetables. It’s easy to make. It’s from Italy, but it’s very popular in my country. Paola, Brazil---You know what I love for supper? A delicious steak. At home, my mother sometimes cooks steak and vegetables. My favourite vegetables are potatoes and carrots. My father likes his steak almost raw, but that’s not for me. I like mine cooked well. Nigel England---Fish and chip (fried potatoes)are probably the UK’s most famous food. But do you know what kind of food I really like? Chinese food! It’s really popular here. I usually have something spicy. Last time I ate Chinese food, I had spicy chicken. Next time, I think I’ll have spicy beef. Murat, Turkey---Turkish delight called “locum” in my language is my favorite snack. Lokum is best with a cup of coffee. It’s also good to eat for dessert at the end of a meal. It’s made with sugar, lemons and oranges. It’s very sweet, so I always remember to brush my teeth after I have eaten it.

61. Yuki says that her breakfast fish is _______and__________.

62. Mike’s favourite food contains                           

63. Paola likes her steak to be very well ______________.But her father like his steak almost ________________.

64. Nigel says he likes ______________  more than fish and chips.

65. Murat enjoys ____________________ with his favorite food.

Part VWriting(30 points45 minutes)

Task 1

DirectionsFor this partyou are required to write a letter of thanks in about 80 wordsYour letter should include the following information

    王林给他在纽约的朋友Peter 写一封感谢信。告诉他自己已经平安回到青岛,一路上很顺利。天气也很好。现已在一家大型电脑公司开始上班,自己很喜欢这份工作。感谢他对自己在美国留学的一年时间内在生活上、学习上给予的热情帮助。邀请他夏天到青岛玩。

                                                    

 

Task 2

DirectionsFor this partyou are required to write an essay in about l50 words on the importance of sportsYour essay should include the following in-formation

1.大学生难找工作,

  • 原因很多,
  • 解决的办法。

 

Model Test 2

 (150 minutes)

Paper One

(90 minutes)

Part I Vocabulary and Structure(10 points;15 minutes)

Directions:Each of the following sentences is provided with four choices.Choose the one that best completes the sentence.Then,mark your answer by  blackening the letter of your choice on the Answer Sheet

1. Children are tired of learning often because they are ________ to do more than they can.

 A. expected          B. suggested      C. hoped        D. wished

2.-What's your problem ?

 - I have lost sight of my mum and dad . I saw them ________ in front of me a moment ago.

 A. were walking       B. to have walker  C. walk         D. walking

  3. His car ________ halfway for no reason.
    A. broke off          B. broke down     C. broke up      D. broke out

4. I’m very sorry to have ________ you with so many questions on such an occasion.
 A. interfered          B. offended       C. impressed     D. bothered

5. It is estimated that much of a teenager's time is spent ________ with friends.
 A. to talk            B. talking         C. being talked    D. having talked

6. The Caspian Sea, a salt lake, is ________ any other lake in the world.
 A. largest            B. the largest       C. larger than     D. the larger than

7. Cars moved very slowly in the 1920s, but they ________ move more quickly than in 1910.

  A. were to can       B. did              C. will         D. can

8. Dr. Bethune began to work the ________ he arrived at the front.
 A. moment          B. place             C. way         D. reason

9. Henry was deported for having an expired visa. He ________ his visa renewed.
  A. should have had   B. must have had     C. might have had  D. would have had

10. ________ bricks, workers press clay into blocks and bake them to the requisite hard.
 A. Being made       B. The making of    C. To make        D. Made

11. Scientists are attempting to find out ________ there is life on other planets.

A. if or not         B. whether or not     C. whether if       D. whether not

12. Were you surprised at ________ eventually happened?

  A. which           B. what             C. when          D. that

13. Taiwan is ________ the east of Fujian.

  A. in               B. at               C. on             D. to

14. He didn’t get ________ “A”s on the tests as he had expected.

  A. many            B. much            C. as many         D. as much

15. My new glasses cost me ________ the last pair that I bought.

A. times three             B. three times more than 

C. three times as much as    D. as much three times as

16. I never saw Mr. Wang again ________ did I hear from him.

  A. nor               B. so            C. either        D. hardly

17. Rarely ________ true friendship there.

  A. aperson will find    B. aperson finds    C. won’t a person find   D. does a person find

18. You should learn to take ________ of every opportunity to improve your oral English.
  A. chance            B. use           C. action        D. advantage

19. The knowledge we gained in school is very important, ________ we will depend in the future.

  A. in which           B. to which       C. of which      D. on which

    20. Since we ________ the opening policy, we started our journey to happiness.
      A. adopted         B. adjusted        C. adapted       D. attempted

PartⅡ Cloze (10 points,20 minutes)

Directions:Read the passage through.Then,go back and choose one suitable word or phrase marked A, B, C or D for each blank in the passage.Blacken the corresponding letter of the word or phrase you have chosen on the Answer Sheet

Many teachers believe that the responsibilities for learning lie with the student.  21  a long reading assignment is given, instructors expect students to be familiar with the  22  in the reading even if they don't discuss it in class or take an exam. The  23  student is considered to be  24  who is motivated to learn for the sake of  25  , not the one interested only in getting high grades, Sometimes homework is returned  26   brief written comments but without a grade. Even if a grade is not given, the student is  27  for learning the material assigned. When research is 28  , the professor expects the student to take it actively and to complete it with    29   guidance. It is the  30  responsibility to find books, magazines, and articles in the library. Professors don’t have the time to explain  31  a university library works; they expect students   32   , graduate students, to be able to exhaust the reference  33  in the library.  Professors will help students who need it,  but 34  that their students should not be  35  dependent on them. In the United States, professors have many other duties 36  teaching, such as administrative or research work.  37  , the time that a professor can spend with a student outside of class is  38  . If a student has problems with classroom work, the student should either  39  a professor during office hour  40  make an appointment.

21.A.if           B.although            C.because           D.since

22.A.suggestion    B.context             C.abstract           D.information

23.A.poor         B.ideal               C.average           D.disappointed

24.A.such         B.one                C.any               D.some

25.A.fun          B.work               C.learning           D.prize

26.A.by           B.in                 C.for               D.with

27.A.criticized      B.innocent           C.responsible         D.dismissed

28.A.collected      B.distributed          C.assigned           D.finished

29.A.maximum     B.minimum           C.possible           D.practical

30.A.students       B.professors          C.assistants          D.librarians

31.A.when         B.what               C.why              D.how

32.A.particularly     B.essentially         C.obviously         D.rarely

33.A.selections       B.collections        C.sources           D.origins

34.A.hate           B.dislike            C.like              D.prefer

35.A.too            B.such              C.much            D.more

36.A.but            B.except            C.with              D.besides

37.A.however        B.therefore          C.furthermore       D.nevertheless

38.A.plentiful        B.limited            C.irregular          D.flexible

39.A.greet           B.annoy            C.approach          D.attach

40.A.or             B.and               C.too              D.But

Part ⅢReading Comprehension(Skimming and Scanning)(40 points;55 minutes)

Section l

Directions:Each of the following passages is followed with five questions.For each question there are four choices.Choose the best answer to each question.Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet

Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage

Some individuals and citizens' groups have expressed concern about the level of violence in television programs, particularly in action-adventure series and cartoons. They argue that viewers, especially children, may learn to see violence as the only way to resolve conflicts.

Early experimental researchers compared the play of children who had seen aggressive behavior on television with the play of a control group of children who had watched nonviolent programs. Concern was intensified by findings that indicated a higher level of aggressive play in the violent-television group. Other researchers attempted to determine whether violent programs simply stimulated higher energy levels in children or actually caused them to learn violent and antisocial behavior. The results of different studies conflicted. Some researchers claimed that televised violence actually had a positive cathartic effect, allowing some viewers to release heightening tensions; these findings however, were not confirmed in further studies. Other scholars pointed out that both prosocial and. antisocial behavior can be learned from television.

Social scientists find .it especially difficult to assess accurately the subtle, cumulative effects of vie-wing a broad variety of television programs throughout childhood. Distinguishing the possible effects of television from other influences at home and at school is also difficult. Current research suggests that moderately higher levels of antisocial behavior can be traced to television viewing, but further study needs to be done to confirm it.

Because of the long-standing tradition in the U.S. of freedom of speech and of the press, the government would probably not attempt to directly limit or censor the appearance of violence on television. Among the networks and producers, pressure from concerned citizens continues to be balanced by the increasing popularity of high-energy action-adventure programs.

41. What is the passage mainly about?

  A. Violence in television programs.

  B. Levels of violence in action adventure series and cartoons.

  C. Educational programs for children.

  D. Researches on television programs.

42. Those researchers who believe violence on TV has a positive effect on viewers think that ______.

  A. it teaches people not to use violence to resolve conflicts

  B. it stimulates higher energy levels in children

  C. it helps let out people's undesirable emotions

  D. it helps people to fight various social evils before them

43. A "prosocial" behavior is one _____.

  A. that is against the social, norm

  B. that meets the expectation of the society

  C. that a child shows in communication with people

  D. that can often be shaped by TV programs

44. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?

  A. Television viewing leads naturally to antisocial behavior.

  B. Violence on television does not help shape violent behavior in children.

  C. The effect of violent TV programs on children needs further study.

  D. Both prosocial and antisocial behaviors can be learned from violent programs.

45. The last sentence of the passage implies

  A. the government will have to ban violence on TV under public pressure.

  B. violence in television programs will continue to appear in the future.

  C. producers and concerned citizens con work together to clean up TV programs.

  D. without violence, action-adventure programs would be more popular.

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage

    People travel for a lot of reason. Some tourists go to see battlefields or religious shrines. Others are looking for culture, or simply want to have their picture taken in front of famous places. But most European tourists are looking for a sunny beach to lie on.

    Northern Europeans are willing to pay a lot of money and put up with a lot of inconveniences for the sun because they have so little of it. Residents of cities like London, Copenhagen , and Amsterdam spend a lot of their winter in the dark because the days are so short, and much of the rest of the year in the rain. This is the reason the Mediterranean has always attracted them. Every summer, more than 25 million people travel to Mediterranean resort and beaches for their vacation. They all come for the same reason :sun!

    The huge crowds mean lots of money for the economies of Mediteranean countries. Italy’s 30,000 hotels are booked solid every summer. And 13 million people camp out on French beaches, parks and roadsides. Spain’s long sandy coastline attracts more people than anywhere else. 37 million tourists visit yearly, or one tourist for every person living in Spain.

    But there are signs that the area is getting more tourism than it can handle. The Mediterranean is already one of the most polluted seas on earth. And with increased tourism, it’s getting worse. The French can’t figure out what to do with all the garbage left by campers around St. Tropez. And in many places , swimming is dangerous because of pollution.

    None of this, however, is spoiling anyone’s fun. The Mediteranean gets more popular every year with tourists. Obviously, they don’t go there for clean water and solitude. They tolerate traffic jams and seem to like crowded beaches. They don’t even mind the pollution. No matter how dirty the water is, the coastline still looks beautiful. And as long as the sun shines, it’s still better than sitting in the cold rain in Berlin, London, or Oslo.

46. The writer seems to imply that Europeans travel mostly for the reason that__________.

  A. they want to see historic remains or religious spots.

  B. they are interested in different cultural traditions and social customs.

  C. they would like to take pictures in front of famous sites.

  D. they wish to escape from the cold, dark and rainy days back at home.

47. In paragraph 2, cities like London, Copenhagen, and Amsterdam are mentioned __________.

  A. to show that they are not good cities in terms of geography and climate.

  B. to tell us how wealthy their residents are.

  C. to suggest that these cities lack places of historic interest and scenic beauty.

  D. to prove that they have got more tourism than they an handle.

48. According to the passage, which of the following countries attracts more tourists than the others?

  A. Italy                              B. Spain

  C. France                            D. Greece.

49. The latter half of the last sentence in paragraph3, i.e., “ or one tourist for every person living in Spain” means __________.

  A. all the 37 million people living in Spain are tourists.

  B. every year almost as many tourists visit Spain as there are people living in that country.

  C. every person living in Spain has to take care of a tourist.

  D. every Spanish is visited by a tourist every year.

50. According to the passage, which of the following factors might spoil the tourists’ fun at Mediterranean resorts and beaches?

  A. Polluted water.

  B. Crowded buses

  C. Traffic jams.

  D. Rainy weather.

Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage

    Trees are useful to man in three important ways:they provide him with wood and other products; they give him shade; and they help to prevent droughts and floods.

    Unfortunately, in many parts of the world, man has not realized that the third of these services is the most important.76)In his eagerness to make money from trees, he has cut them down in large numbers, only to find that without them he has lost the best friends he had. And besides, he is usually too careless to plant and look after new trees. So the forests slowly disappear.

    This does not only mean that man will have fewer trees. The results are even more serious: for where there are trees, their roots break up soil---allowing the rain to sink in ---and also bind the soil, thus preventing it from being washed away easily; but where there are no trees, the rain falls on hard ground and flows away, causing floods and carrying away the rich top-soil. When all the top-soil is gone, nothing remains but worthless desert.

    Two thousand years ago a rich and powerful country cut down its trees to build warships , with which to gain itself an empire. It set up the empire but, without its trees, its soil became poor and it grew weak. When the empire fell to pieces, the home country found itself faced with floods and starvation.

51. What is the most important service of trees to man according to the passage?

  A. They help him make money.

  B. They give him wood and other products.

  C. They help him prevent droughts and floods.

  D. They give him shade.

52. Why do forests in many parts of the world slowly disappear?

  A. New trees are not looked after properly.

  B. Many trees have been cut down by man.

  C. Man has not paid enough attention to planting trees.

  D. All of the above.

53. Why did the country mentioned in the passage suffer from floods and starvation?

  A. Because an empire was set up.

  B. Because the empire fell to pieces.

  C. Because it lost all its trees.

  D. Because too much had been spent on wars.

54. Why does land become desert after all trees are cut down?

  A. Because nothing remains on land except floods.

  B. Because there are no longer trees to keep the rain and protect the top-soil.

  C. Because too much rain sinks in and washes away the top-soil.

  D. Because roots of the trees break up the soil.

55. What does the author tell us in this passage?

  A. How trees help prevent droughts and floods.

  B. The relationship between trees and man.

  C. How an empire fell to pieces in ancient times.

  D. A story of trees.

Section 2

Directions:Read the following passage,and then decide whether the statements are true(A) or false(B)(判断对错,对的在答题卡上划A,错的在答题卡上划B。)

Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage:

  Last July, my 12-year-old car died on California's Santa Ana Freeway. It was an hour before sunset, and I was 25 miles from home. I couldn't reach anyone to pick me up, so I decided to take a bus. Not knowing the routes, I figured I'd just head east. A bus pulled up, and I asked the driver how far she was going. “Four more lights,” she said. There was another bus I could take from there. This clearly was going to be a long night. She dropped me off at the end of her route and told me which bus to look for. After waiting 30 minutes, I began to think about a very expensive taxi ride home. Then a bus pulled up. There was no lighted number above its windshield(挡风玻璃). It was out of service. But the door opened, and I was surprised to find that it was the same driver. “I just can't leave you here,” she said. “This isn't the nicest place. I'll give you a ride home.” “You'll drive me home in the bus?” I asked, perplexed (困惑). “No, I'll take you in my car,” she said. “It's a long way,” I protested. “Come on, ” she said. “I have nothing else to do.” As we drove from the station in her car, she began telling me a story. A few days earlier, her brother had run out of gas. A good Samaritan picked him up, took him to a service station and then back to his car. “I'm just passing the favor along, ” she said. When I offered her money as a thank-you, she wouldn't hear of it. “That wouldn't make it a favor, ” she said. “Just do something nice for somebody. Pass it along.”

(    )56.The writer said that he would have a long night because he didn't know the routes

(    )57.Judging from its context, the place where the writer waited for the second bus was a little unsafe.

(    )58.The writer changed his mind after waiting for 30 minutes at the end of the route because he knew the driver would never return

(    )59.The bus driver drove the writer home later because she wanted to do something good for other people

(    )60.The bus driver hoped that the writer would do as she did

Paper Two (60minutes)

Part IV.Reading Comprehension(Short Answer Questions)(10 points;15 minutes)

Directions:This passage is followed by five questions or incomplete statements.Read the passage carefully.Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words.Write your answers on Paper Two

Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage.

Everybody gets stressed from time to time. Different people feel stress in different ways some ways. Some ways of dealing with stress don’t solve much. But other ways can start you on the road to solving your problem or at least feeling better.

Try taking these five steps next time you are stressed.

When you need help, turn to people who care about you. Talk to a trusty adult, such as a parent a relative, a school adviser, or a coach. And don’t forget about your friends. They might be worried about the same test or have had similar problems, such as dealing with the death of a beloved pet.

It’s easy to let your feelings go wild when you’re upset. Notice your feelings. Name them – for example, “I am so angry!” And find a way to express them. Do breathing exercises, listen to music, write a diary, play with pet, go for a walk or a bike ride, or do whatever helps you be in a better mood(心情).

Sometimes when kids are stressed and upset they blame it on themselves. Oh dear, that’s not a good idea. Remember that there are always people to help you. Don’t blame in on yourself. Be kind to yourself and ask for the helping hand or pat on the back that you need – and deserve – to get you through the difficult situation you’re facing.

After you’re calm and you have support from adults and friends, it’s time to get down to business. You need to figure out what problem is. Even if you can’t solve all of it.

Most stress is temporary. It may not seem like it when you’re in the middle of stressful situation, but stress does go away, often when you figure out the problem and start working on solving it.

                     Title: Five Steps for Fighting Stress

 

Getting other’s supports

●Turning to people who 61.________

●Talking to them and learning their experiences

 

Changing your bad mood

●Avoiding getting mad

●Noticing your feelings

●Finding a way to express them

●Doing whatever helps you be 62.________

Don’t 63.________

●Being kind to yourself

●Asking for help and getting through the difficulty

Finding 64.________ to the problem

●Getting down to business and figuring out the problem

●Solving it step by step

Being confident

●A stressful situation is 65._______ and won’t last long.

 

Part VWriting(30 points45 minutes)

Task 1

DirectionsFor this partyou are required to write a letter of application in 80 words. Your letter should include the following information

张凯得知他已被纽约大学录取。他想申请奖学金。请代张凯写一封奖学金申请信。内容包括:

1. 很高兴被录取了。

2. 自己家境困难,为了减轻父母的负担(financial burden),想申请奖学金。

3. 请校方考虑自己的申请,并告知是否有这种可能性。                                                              

Task 2

DirectionsFor this partyou are required to write an essay in about l50 words on the importance of sportsYour essay should include the following in-formation

1.大学都用考试来衡量学生的成绩,

2.考试可能带来的副作用,

3.我对考试的看法。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                            

 

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